Used for the first time in 6,000 B C in Persia, oxide of aluminum (alumina) was still unknown. Only in 1809 that Humphrey Davy managed to prove the element's existence and finally, in 1825, Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted is able to isolate aluminum and obtain it as we know it today. The extraction process of the non-ferrous metal became public in 1886, which allowed for the establishment of a global industry. In other words, aluminum has been marketed for nearly 130 years.
Aluminum is extracted from bauxite, and Brazil owns the ore's third largest reserves in the world. The first aluminum plant was deployed in Brazil in the 50s. Brazil became one of the global leading exporters of aluminum in 1982, due to large investments from companies in the industry, and then became the world's fifth largest producer of primary aluminum and the ninth largest aluminum consumer only three years later.
Widely used in the industry, aluminum's main characteristics include:
- strong resistance;
- electric and thermal conductibility;
- resistance against corrosion;
- infinite recycling capabilities.
All of this allows for using aluminum in several industries, such as transportation, packaging, civil construction, car manufacturing, electric transmission and more.“Aluminum is the third most abundant element in the Earth's surface.”